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Kashmir today is easily the most inflammable issue and it remains an unfinished agenda of partition. The crisis of Kashmir has been the outcome of the deep rooted discontent accumulated over the past decades. This paper examined the historical and geographical features of the state of Kashmir. Here I am trying to analyze the factors responsible for accession with the Indian union. After the accession the political arrangement that evolved in the state has suffered serious crisis of legitimacy. This paper analyzed the various factors responsible for Kashmir imbroglio. In fact the successive governments both at the level of the state and the centre have only aggravated the situation to the extent that accumulated discontent has burst in a violent manner. This paper strives to examine how far Indo-Pak relations worsened the issue.