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Abstract

History of Santals is found from the assessments of various antiquarians. Fables mirror a few flavors about the root of Santals. Datta (1940) portrayed the Santal uprising of 1855-57. Sen (1984) composed 'The Santals of Jungle Mahals: an agrarian history, 1793 – 1861'. With the assistance of their thoughts, it very well may be realized that Santals needed to move various districts of India for their very own existence. The revolt of the Santhals began in India as a reaction to the abolition of the autocratic British revenue system, usury practices and the zamindari system; In the tribal belt known as the Bengal Presidency. It was a rebellion against the oppression of colonial rule propagated through a distorted revenue system, enforced by the local landlords, the police and the courts of the legal system established by the British. The Santhals lived and depended in forests. In 1832, the British demarcated the Damin-e-Koh region in present-day Jharkhand and invited the Santhals to settle in the region. Due to promises of land and economic facilities, a large number of Santhals settled in Cuttack, Dhalbhum, Manbhum, Hazaribagh, Midnapore etc. Soon, the British dominated the economy in the form of tax-collecting middlemen by nobles and zamindars. Many Santhals fell victim to corrupt lending practices. They were given money at exorbitant rates. When they were never repaid, their lands were forcibly stripped, forced into bonded labor. This provoked the Santhal Rebellion by Sidhu and Kanhu Murmu, two brothers who led the Santhals against the British, but were defeated. Fundamentally, no recorded history of sub-rank 'Garain' is found. Likewise, the existence of 'Garain' is found in the region identified with dwelling zone Santals. Taking all these wholes thought in to account, the inception of Santal might be depicted quickly as pursue.

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How to Cite
UDAY SANKAR SARKAR. (2020). Santhal Protest Movement of 1855: A Historical Analysis. History Research Journal, 5(6), 2965-2974. Retrieved from https://historyresearchjournal.com/index.php/hrj/article/view/19231